Faculty Award meant for young Indian scientists from all over the world to carry out quality research in the country offers fellowship equivalent to the scale of the Assistant Professor of an IIT and research grant for 5 years. DBT – Wellcome Trust Biomedical Research Fellowship Career Programme is established to attract a strong cohort of qualified scientists working abroad to seek career opportunities in India. The recently introduced Jawaharlal Nehru Fellowship is aimed to attract eminent scientists of any country to undertake collaborative and part-time research in laboratories in India over a period of three years. It offers a honorarium of US $100,000 for a total period of 12 months work in India along with research contingency support. In addition, some of the enabling mechanisms put in place by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) to arrest brain drain and promote R&D in India include: sharing of proceeds with scientists from sponsored projects, consultancy projects and premia and royalty received from the industry; knowledge alliance with private industry to pursue product driven R&D and establishment of incubation centres to nurture start-up companies and enable chances of commercialization; investment of knowledgebase as equity in enterprises.